As a writer, I always try to blend multiple influences into a single story; historical references and present day events. Lately, I’ve been learning more about the Adena Indians who lived in the Kanawha Valley more than 2,000 years ago.
I recently had the opportunity to listen to Greg Carroll talk about Native American history in West Virginia and surrounding areas at a lecture offered by the West Virginia Culture Center Archives and History Library. He made the point that the Adena were “stratified”. He meant there were leaders who were held in great esteem and there were classes of workers below them. He was careful to point out, though, that these workers were not slaves. They were organized in such a way that the leaders could encourage the tribal members to work together, probably for years, to build massive earthen mounds.